Why Was King Edward Referred to as the Confessor?
Edward the Confessor is the one King of England to be canonized, although I feel many would see him as an unlikely saint. Only for the report, up till the 4th century a Confessor was seen as a holy one who was tortured and suffered for his religion however not killed, versus martyrs who have been killed for his or her religion. After that, since persecutions had principally ceased, a Confessor was a holy one who by advantage of his writings and preachings grew to become an object of veneration. In actuality, evidently Edward's canonization was extra politically pushed, as Osbert of Clare, the prior of Westminster Abbey began a marketing campaign within the 12th century to extend the significance (and wealth) of the Abbey. It took 20 some-odd years, a brand new Pope and a brand new King of England (Henry II) to lastly canonize Edward in 1161. Satirically, his Feast Day is Oct. 13, the day earlier than the Battle of Hastings anniversary (really, it had nothing to do with Hastings. That was the day he was translated-moved to his new tomb-by St. Thomas of Canterbury in Henry II's presence).
What made Edward so holy? Nicely, it's conjectured that his widow Editha commissioned the Lifetime of King Edward (Vita Ædwardi Regis) partly to glorify the deeds of her household, partly to glorify her husband, and partly to excuse her lack of youngsters. In any case, if Edward was thought of a holy man who was not within the issues of this world, his sanctity would come with refraining from the wedding mattress; she could not be held liable for England's destiny. Nonetheless, this was our most necessary supply for his life and forged him in a holy gentle. Based on Catholic.org, "By 1138, he (Osbert) had transformed the Vita Ædwardi... into a traditional saint's life."
Here's a legend I discovered on the Westminster Abbey web site: "Edward was using by a church in Essex and an outdated man requested for alms. Because the king had no cash to present he drew a big ring off his finger and gave this to the beggar. Just a few years later two pilgrims have been touring within the Holy Land and have become stranded. They have been helped by an outdated man and when he knew they got here from England he advised them he was St John the Evangelist and requested them to return the ring to Edward telling him that in six months he would be part of him in heaven." When his uncorrupted physique was translated in 1163 the ring was eliminated and positioned with the Abbey relics, which in fact have been plundered in 1540 when the monastery was dissolved. Edward's physique was moved to some obscure place, however Mary Tudor had it returned in 1557 and changed the stolen jewels with new ones.
Edward was thought of one of many Patron Saints of England till Edward III created the Order of the Garter and promoted St. George in his place, though he has remained the patron saint of the English royal household. He's the primary English King to treatment individuals affected by scrofula, "the king's evil" by the contact of his hand; William of Malmesbury said that he was already recognized for this in Normandy whereas an exile. Apparently, he's additionally the patron saint of inauspicious marriages and separated spouses.
Many would see his ungracious therapy of Earl Godwine in 1051, to not point out his insistence that Godwine wreak havoc with the unlucky residents of Dover, as unsaintly habits. However in the long run, his ardor in constructing Westminster Cathedral appears to have overcome any earlier indiscretions.